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Virology A & B Study Sections [VIRA & VIRB]

The Virology A and B [VIRA and VIRB] Study Sections both review applications addressing fundamental aspects of non-HIV and non-bacteriophage viral genetics, infection and replication; cellular and host responses to viral infections; prions as infectious agents, and mechanisms of disease pathogenesis in plants, animals, and humans. In general, applications with a focus on biophysics aspects of virology or structural biology will be assigned to VIRA and those addressing viral immunity will be assigned to VIRB.


VIRA Membership Roster             VIRA Meeting Rosters

VIRB Membership Roster             VIRB Meeting Rosters


  • Cellular and molecular biology of viral replication: attachment and entry; gene expression and regulation; viral genome replication; viral assembly and maturation; egress.
  • Virus-host cell interactions: effects on signal transduction; host gene expression; cellular physiology and metabolism; production of interferons, cytokines and chemokines; cytopathology; apoptosis; autophagy.
  • Host responses to virus infection: identification of determinants of susceptibility or resistance; mechanisms of viral clearance; establishment of latency and persistence.
  • Viral determinants of disease: virulence and attenuation; viral tropism; spread within the host; transmission; mechanisms of immune evasion; viral variation and evolution; transformation and oncogenesis; effects of viral co-infection.
  • Viral etiology of chronic disease.
  • Identification of new molecular targets relevant to viral pathogenesis: genomics and proteomics; new approaches to identify cellular changes relevant to pathogenic mechanisms.
  • Animal models of infection.

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