The Kidney, Nutrition, Obesity and Diabetes Study (KNOD) study section reviews applications on the epidemiology, genetic epidemiology and prevention of kidney and urinary diseases, prostate, gastro intestinal and liver diseases, obesity (including the metabolic syndrome) and diabetes in human populations. Other areas considered include the epidemiology and determinants of health disparities of these disease of interest as well as the determinants and outcomes of organ donation and transplantation and bariatric surgery.
- The study of the distribution and patterns of diseases/conditions in human populations with respect to personal characteristics, place, and time.
- Observational studies of determinants, predictors or biomarkers of the development, presence and prognosis of diseases/conditions. The factors of interest can include molecular, genetic, epigenetic, pharmacologic, behavioral, environmental, social, or policy-related factors.
- Clinical or field trials of interventions and policies including behavioral interventions (such as diet, physical activity and breastfeeding) and policies (health care related or other policies) with a focus on preventing disease or improving the outcomes or prognosis of diseases or conditions.
- Research designs and methodologies to address epidemiologic questions including cohort; case-control; prospective; longitudinal; retrospective; clinical trial; cross-sectional; surveillance; genetics; genome wide association studies (GWAS); epigenetics; gene-environment interactions; and molecular genetics.
- Assessment of body composition (anthropometrics or imaging), diet and physical activity. Physical activity assessments include self report and objective measures using technology such as accelerometers and GIS and audits of the built and physical environment.