The Community Influences on Health Behavior (CIHB) Study Section reviews applications concerned with how community-level factors prevent or moderate health risks and behaviors. The applications may examine community-level social, cultural, and environmental risk factors and processes and their relationships with a broad range of outcomes. Outcomes include mental and physical health, illness and disorder, risk and protective factors, behavior change, health beliefs and attitudes, and normal development and functioning across the lifespan as they directly relate to community-level risk factors. Applications define the community level in a variety of ways including; geographically, by social unit or practices, virtual spaces, and group affiliations, among others. Research approaches may include community based participatory research, ethnographic and other qualitative methods; policy and document analysis, mixed methods and other non-interventional study designs. Topics commonly explored include substance use, neighborhood factors, community-level environmental risks, and maternal and child health.
The List of Reviewers lists all present, whether permanent or temporary, to provide the full scope of expertise present on that date. Lists are posted 30 days before the meeting and are tentative, pending any last minute changes.
The membership panel is a list of chartered members only.
- Effects of local, county and state level policies, geographic characteristics, retail outlets, marketing, and other community-level characteristics on substance use behaviors.
- Health effects of neighborhood/community characteristics on obesity, physical activity and other health related behaviors.
- Interaction of community-level environmental factors on health risks and behavior.
- Use of community based methods to study the effects of social class and socioeconomic conditions; power relations; racial and ethnic identity; and cultural processes including acculturation on health-related decisions and activities;
- Impact of community-level health beliefs on health behavior;
- Use of community based methods to study the effects of media strategies on health behaviors and outcomes
- Studies of health-supporting social organization and communities including: networking, family structure and functioning and intergenerational processes, and institutional structures on health.
- Efficacy studies of social, environmental, or policy change using community based methods, or on community-level risks and outcomes.
Shared Interests and Overlaps
There are shared interests with Community-Level Health Promotion (CLHP) study section. Applications which focus on community-level interventions to mitigate risk behavior and/or prevent onset of disease in the general population are reviewed in CLHP. Applications employing qualitative, ethnographic, mixed methods and other non-interventional designs are reviewed in CIHB.
There are shared interests with the Social Sciences and Population Services (SSPA & SSPB) study sections. Applications focusing on population-level data, quantitative approaches, and large public use datasets are reviewed in SSPA/SSPB. Applications focusing on community-level data and using qualitative and mixed methods are typically reviewed in CIHB.
There are shared interests with the The Clinical Management of Patients in Community-based settings (CMPC) Study Section . Applications focusing on social, cultural, environmental, and other community-level factors relevant to disease prevention or health promotion are reviewed in CIHB. Applications that are concerned with addressing the health-related behavior of families or individuals coping with one or more pathological or comorbid conditions in community, primary care, or home-based settings are reviewed in CMPC.
There are shared interests with Health Disparities and Equity Promotion (HDEP). Applications, including intervention studies, which focus on mechanisms and processes underlying health disparities are reviewed in HDEP. Applications focusing on outcomes in minority populations where the focus of study is population’s health rather than a study of the disparity are reviewed in CIHB.
There are shared interests in risk prevention with the Addiction Risks and Mechanisms (ARM) study section. Applications considering community-level factors and outcomes are reviewed in CIHB, and those dealing with nature and etiology of addiction and substance use at the individual level or treatment outcomes at the individual level are reviewed in ARM.
CIHB has shared interests with the Social Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes (SPIP) Study Section in the social network effects on health with SPIP. Applications focusing on individual level risk factors, outcomes and perceptions of social networks that do not utilize community based methods are reviewed in SPIP; applications focused on the community level risk factors, outcomes and social networks as macro-level influences on health are reviewed in CIHB.