The Mechanisms of Emotion, Stress and Health study section reviews applications on the interactions of psychological stress and emotion states with physical and mental illness and health across the lifespan; a particular emphasis is on the mediational role of stress- and emotion-responsive biological systems. In addition, MESH covers clinical studies relating to the interaction of normative and disordered sleep and circadian rhythms with physical and mental health outcomes.
Most studies are laboratory-based, but observational or clinical studies with a major focus on stress and other biological measures are included. MESH primarily reviews human studies, although related animal studies can be assigned to MESH.
The List of Reviewers lists all present, whether permanent or temporary, to provide the full scope of expertise present on that date. Lists are posted 30 days before the meeting and are tentative, pending any last minute changes.
The membership panel is a list of chartered members only.
- Relationships of affect, emotion, and/or psychological stress with normative and disordered psychological and physical health across the lifespan, in human and animal models
- Clinical studies of sleep and circadian rhythm focusing on behavioral output and interactions of normal and disordered sleep and circadian rhythms with physical and mental health and illness in humans
- Examination of individual, situational, environmental, or physiological factors that affect stress reactivity, coping and resilience.
- Effects of stress reduction interventions on physical and mental health and use of complementary/alternative approaches, including tai chi, yoga, acupuncture and mindfulness, when stress-responsive biological systems are interrogated and stress mechanisms are postulated as mediators.
- Subjective emotional states, emotional expression, regulation and measurement of emotion and mood; measurement and perception of stress
Shared Interests and Overlaps
Adult Psychopathology and Disorders of Aging [APDA]: applications that focus on adult psychopathology can be reviewed in MESH if stress-responsive biological systems are invoked as mechanisms or outcome measures. Adult psychopathology applications that do not involve stress mechanisms or outcomes are reviewed in APDA. Applications involving sleep or circadian rhythms and their disorders in humans and their relation to physical or mental health are reviewed in MESH.
Behavioral Genetics and Epidemiology (BGES): genetic, behavioral genetic, or epigenetic studies of stress reactivity are reviewed in MESH or BGES; BGES reviews applications that involve analysis of existing datasets, large population studies, or include demographic/epidemiological questions and methodologies.
Behavioral Medicine: Interventions and Outcomes [BMIO]: behavioral interventions that are not related to stress reduction, and in particular those that do not involve stress-responsive biological systems, are reviewed in BMIO. BMIO and MESH have a shared interest in stress and pain. Applications focused on behavioral, psychological, and social factors affecting the experience of pain as well as responses to interventions designed to reduce pain are reviewed in BMIO; applications focused more on the basic biological response to stress and pain, and in the interplay between stress/emotion and pain processes are reviewed in MESH. Applications focusing on sleep are also reviewed in MESH.
Cancer, Heart, and Sleep Epidemiology Study Sections [CHSA & CHSB]: CHSA/B reviews applications that employ a population-based approach to stress, circadian rhythm and sleep disorders in humans. MESH reviews applications on stress, emotion, sleep and circadian rhythms, and their relationships to physical and mental illness and health for both animal and clinical studies.
Child Psychopathology and Developmental Disabilities [CPDD]: Applications involving child developmental disorders are reviewed in CPDD. Applications that focus on prenatal-origin or childhood stress in the context of child psychopathology can be reviewed in MESH if stress-responsive biological systems are invoked as mechanisms or outcome measures.
Neuroendocrinology, Neuroimmunology, Rhythms and Sleep [NNRS]: animal stress models that focus predominantly on the neuroendocrine or neuroimmune mechanisms of stress or animal models of circadian rhythms and sleep, and basic mechanisms of human circadian and sleep regulation, are reviewed in NNRS. Applications involving sleep or circadian rhythms and their disorders in humans and their relation to physical or mental health are reviewed in MESH.
Neural Basis of Psychopathology, Addictions and Sleep Disorders Study Section [NPAS]: applications involving etiology, neural mechanisms, diagnosis, and treatment of sleep disorders in humans are reviewed in NPAS. Applications involving sleep or circadian rhythms and their disorders in humans and their relation to physical or mental health are reviewed in MESH. Applications that involve mechanisms of psychopathology can be reviewed in MESH if there is strong conceptualization of stress and stress mechanisms.
Psychosocial Development, Risk and Prevention [PDRP]: applications focused on risk and protective factors and interventions related to socioemotional development and emotional regulation strategies are reviewed in PDRP. Applications that focus on prenatal-origin, childhood, or familial stress in the context of risk, child development, or child emotion regulation can be reviewed in MESH if stress-responsive biological systems are invoked as mechanisms or outcome measures.
Social Psychology and Interpersonal Processes [SPIP]: applications that focus on social sources of stress and social factors that influence emotion and self-regulation are reviewed in SPIP; MESH emphasizes the biological aspects of emotion regulation and the response to stress.