The Addiction Risks and Mechanisms (ARM) study section reviews applications aimed at understanding the nature, etiology, and progression of addictive behavior (drug, alcohol, etc.) at the individual level in humans. Primary variables of interest may be behavioral, psychological, psychosocial, cognitive, or neurophysiological. Methodological approaches may be longitudinal, cross-sectional, survey- and interview-based, experimental or laboratory-based, or may focus on the analysis of existing datasets.
Applications reviewed in ARM should have a social, psychosocial, cognitive, or biopsychosocial focus; those focusing on biological mechanisms are reviewed in other study sections.
The membership panel is a list of chartered members only.
- Use and misuse of illicit drugs (including cocaine, heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, new and emerging drugs) and alcohol; prescription drug misuse; nicotine dependence and use of alternative tobacco products.
- Environmental, psychological, cognitive, behavioral, and other risk factors that might influence or predict the onset or progression of addiction or substance misuse during critical developmental periods (e.g., adolescence, emerging adulthood) and across the lifespan; inter-generational transmission of addictive behaviors.
- Factors that might predict who is most likely to benefit from evidence-based substance use treatments.
- Social and environmental contexts that influence individual addictive behaviors.
- Acute and long-term behavioral and physiological effects of substance use and misuse.
- Laboratory studies examining drug or alcohol administration in controlled conditions.
- Neurocognitive processes associated with addictive behaviors such as cue reactivity, impulsivity, and decision making. Studies may include behavioral, brain imaging (e.g., fMRI), and electrophysiological (e.g., EEG) methods.
- Preliminary assessments of how candidate pharmacotherapies for substance use disorders affect neurocognitive processes and mechanisms associated with addictive behaviors.
- The development and testing of tools and methods for understanding addiction at the individual level.
Shared Interests and Overlaps
Interventions to Prevent and Treat Addictions (IPTA): ARM and IPTA have a shared interest in substance use, addiction, and addictive behaviors. Applications focused on understanding the individual-level behaviors and mechanisms underlying substance use and abuse are reviewed in ARM, including biological, environmental, psychological, and neurocognitive factors that influence or predict the onset or trajectory of addictive behaviors; applications focused on intervening at the individual level to prevent and treat addictive behaviors are reviewed in IPTA.
Biobehavioral Regulation, Learning and Ethology (BRLE): ARM and BRLE have a shared interest in mechanistic studies of substance abuse. Applications focused exclusively on human behavior, including paradigms or concepts derived from animal models such as discounting and conditioning are reviewed in ARM; applications generally focused on animal models are reviewed in BRLE.
Lifestyle and Health Behaviors (LHB): There are shared interests in addictive behavior with LHB. Applications that emphasize addictive behaviors at the individual level are reviewed in ARM. Applications that emphasize addictive behaviors in human subpopulations are reviewed in LHB.
Social Sciences and Population Studies (SSPA-SSPB): ARM and SSPA/SSPB have a shared interest in social and contextual factors associated with substance use. Applications concerned with behavioral mechanisms driving substance abuse and addiction in individuals are reviewed in ARM; applications looking at population-level patterns and predictors of risk behaviors, including substance use, are reviewed in SSPA/SSPB.
Neural Basis of Psychopathology, Addictions and Sleep Disorders (NPAS): ARM and NPAS have a shared interest in the neurobiological and neuropsychological mechanisms of substance use and addiction. Applications in which the primary outcomes are behavioral or neurocognitive are reviewed in ARM; applications with a focus on the neurochemical, neuroendocrine, or biochemical mechanisms of psychopathology, including addiction, are reviewed in NPAS.
Health Services: Quality and Effectiveness (HSQE): ARM and HSQE have a shared interest in prescription drug misuse (especially opioids). Applications focused on individual-level factors associated with patients’ misuse of, and/or addiction to prescription drugs are reviewed in ARM. Applications focused on system- and provider-level health care delivery or prescribing practices by providers are reviewed in HSQE.
Biobehavioral Medicine and Health Outcomes (BMHO): ARM and BMHO have a shared interest in pharmacological pain treatments, especially opioids. Applications focused on individual-level factors associated with patients’ misuse of, and/or addiction to prescribed opioids are reviewed in ARM. Applications focused on the clinical use of prescribed opioids for pain management interpretation of pain and quality of life are reviewed in BMHO.